On August 13th, Slim’s Last Chance Chili Shack & Watering Hole in Seattle hosted their second annual Grease Ball vintage car and motorcycle show. The event attracts local motor-heads and rockers of all stripes with live music on the stage and custom cars and bikes competing for awards in both “Clean” and “Dirty” categories. This is one show where rat rods are welcome! Here are some of the rare, unique, and downright strange creations that showed up.
Everyone knows racing is a dangerous pastime- but once in a while we get a vivid reminder just how dangerous it can be. There are stories at every race track of errors, mishaps, and accidents that have claimed- or nearly-claimed- the lives of those who risk it all for the glory and the personal reward.
We will always remember those who have perished in the pursuit of speed, but what about those who came very close? Here are ten stories of racers who have had tremendously close calls on the job, experiencing horrific and spectacular accidents and living to tell the tale. This is a list of ten racers who had deadly crashes… and lived.
10 Niki Lauda
The Mugello Gran Prix, 1976: In one of the most infamous crashes in Formula One history, Niki Lauda’s car veered off track and struck a wall, landing in the path of the race and igniting into flame. It was hit seconds later by two other cars, whose drivers got out okay and- joined by a third driver- all rushed to Lauda’s aid, pulling him from the burning wreckage. Niki Lauda was trapped in the car for over a minute before the safety crew was able to get him out. He suffered severe burns to his face, lost part of an ear, and was in critical condition for days following.
Incredibly, Lauda survived- and not only that, went on to keep racing and even win two F1 championships following the accident before retiring nine years later. Niki Lauda’s resilience as seen in this story coupled with his famous rivalry with fellow driver James Hunt have earned him his place in Formula One history.
9 Tetsuya Ota
Number nine is another fiery affair. In a 1998 Japanese Touring Car (JGTC) race at Fuji- in extremely wet conditions- two cars hydroplaned off-track into the outfield on the formation lap before the race start. Seconds later, Tetsuya Ota in his Ferrari also lost control and went careening directly into a stopped Porche, both slamming into the outfield wall. Both cars immediately burst into a spectacular fireball as safety crews scrambled. The Porche’s driver was able to crawl out moments later. Ota was trapped in the car for a minute-and-a-half before the fire was put out.
Ota had to get plastic surgery to fix the burns he suffered on his face and that would be his last race- he quit before doing another… and we can’t really blame him.
8 Augusto Scalbi
Augusto Scalbi had a real scare in March 2016 in Argentina’s TC2000 touring car championship. He was approaching a fast right-hand turn when his brakes failed. His Renault race car hurtled off-track at 218 Km/H (136 MPH), caught a wheel on the turf, and flipped a full six times before colliding with the fence. No fire here, but the video of the crash is still pretty spectacular.
Scalbi was knocked unconscious by the wild ride, but thanks to modern safety equipment Scalbi sustained only bruising to his hands and feet in the accident- though the mechanics surely still had some explaining to do about those faulty brakes.
7 Maria De Villota
In July 2012, Maria De Villota was test driving for her Marussia Formula One team at an airfield in the U.K. She was ending a test run and heading back to the garage at low speed when due to some failure of the brake and control systems, she went sliding into a team semi trailer, running her helmet right into the loading lift protruding off the back. (LINK 6) Response crews got her to the hospital in about an hour and a half with life-threatening injuries.
Ultimately, De Vilotta would lose her right eye but live to tell the tale. However, Maria De Vilotta barely made this list. She unfortunately died about a year later from related complications. Still, she is included in order to recognize her tenacity and her spectacular brush with death, short-lived though it was.
6 Gary Densham
From the world of NHRA Funny Car comes a remarkable drag racing incident. 69-year-old Gary Densham was running a race in his drag car when his parachute failed to open at 494 Km/h (306 MPH). At this speed, the brakes are useless. Densham and his machine went flying into the runoff area at the end of the track and into the steel safety net, nearly ripping a hole in it.
Thanks to modern safety technology, though, Densham was out of the wreck in moments and on camera giving an interview about it for the television coverage. The mangled funny car was his only racer, so he was nearly forced to end his career. But thanks to the generosity of his race community, Densham was able to return to drag racing racing a few months later in another car. Winners never quit!
5 Marc Marquez
Number five on the list from Moto GP superbike racing in Mugello, 2013. Marc Marquez crashed at about 320Km/h (200 MPH). He was at the end of the front straight (one of the longest and fastest on the Moto GP calendar) when he lost front end traction. Unable to save it, he slid off track and hurtled toward the low concrete wall. He kicked the bike away just in time and slid to a stop while his motorcycle kept grinding ahead through the gravel.
Marquez escaped with a bump on his chin and some bruising to his right side, thanks to the latest in rider safety technology: an airbag suit. These suits contain air bladders around the head and shoulders which inflate when electronics detect crash conditions, in as fast as 30 milliseconds. These suits have been in use since 2003 when rider John Hopkins first donned one for a race.
4 Sidnei Frigo
Another drag racing incident, this time NHRA Pro Mod class. Sidnei Frigo was racing in the left lane at Royal Purple Raceway in Texas when he lost control of his heavily modified Corvette. The car lurched to the right, almost crossing into the other drag lane, then snapped back across the track and ran into the outside wall. The car flipped several times, pieces flying every direction, before coming to a stop just on the other side. To everyone’s relief, Frigo was responsive when crews arrived at the car.
Frigo suffered only a broken arm in the incident and received surgery at the hospital. He was expected to recover fully.
3 Jeremy Foley
Number three on our list of survivors is Jeremy Foley, from the dirty and dangerous Pike’s Peak International Hill Climb. He and his co-driver Yuri Kouznetsov were approaching a fast left-hand curve that drops away on the outside to a huge rocky slope. There are no guard rails. This turn is known as the Devil’s Playground. The Mitsubishi appeared to be carrying too much speed into the turn and slid off, cartwheeling down the mountain casting off body panels violently. It was a truly spectacular crash, but both drivers climbed out of the mangled wreckage and survived with relatively minor injuries.
There is a follow-up video where you can hear from the drivers what it was like to be in the “washing machine of pain” here:
2 George Poteet
The fastest vehicles and drivers on wheels race out at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah every Summer, vying to set land speed records and become the fastest people alive. Our next lucky driver is one of these people.
In September 2014 George Poteet was making a land speed record run in his “streamliner”-class car when something went horribly wrong. At 575 Km/h (307 MPH), the car veered off course. Poteet tried his best to wrestle the front end back in line, but was unsuccessful. The car jackknifed sideways and started rolling down the salt flats at over three hundred miles per hour. In the incredible in-car camera footage, the canopy can be seen ripping off the car a moment into the accident. The safety cage at the heart of the machine held up in the tumble, digging into the salty earth to come to a stop with the driver still inside. He was able to climb out under his own power but was transported to hospital for a checkup.
Not only did George Poteet survive the crash, but he and his team had rebuilt his Speed Demon machine before the end of 2015, missing only a season of racing.
1 Filippos Papafilippou
And the final entry on our list of racers who should not be alive to tell the tale: An NHRA Top Fuel Drag Bike racer named Filippos Papafilippou. At Santa Pod Raceway in England, he had a crash on the drag strip you just have to see to believe.
At almost 200 miles an hour, his bike veered over into the other lane and collided with the other rider. The force of the impact wasn’t enough to crash the other bike, but was just enough to toss Papafilippou perfectly onto the wheelie bars at the back. As his machine fell over, set fire, and skidded to a halt, our lucky racer rode along with his competition until the two could come to a stop.
In the video, Papafilippou can be seen trying to get his boot unstuck from the wheelie bar assembly of the bike once stopped as rescue crews gather in response. It certainly could have been much worse for this two-wheeled speed freak.
Many of us have been confused, baffled, amused, or even enraged by the 2016 Presidential race. So, how did we get here?
Somehow again, it seems the most unsavory elements of both major parties have made it to the conventions as front-runners and our choices are a curmudgeonly old white man inciting borderline class warfare, a conniving senator from a family of career politicians, or a xenophobic egotist with a bitchin’ comb-over (I guess the creepy conservative uncle just dropped out of the race. Better luck next time, Teddy).
But if you stop to think about it, this phenomenon is not confined to this election, or the last two, or even three. For many election cycles we have seen the discourse devolve from respectable and universal discussions about the philosophy of freedom, the nature of personal liberty, and the dangers of government power to emotionally-driven, reactive, and identity-based discussions where the populace is constantly split into warring tribes and pitted against each other in a fight for resources/respect/minimum wage/safe spaces/whatever. We’ve stopped asking what is right and good for all human beings and started asking “how can my in-group get what it deserves or keep the out-group at bay”.
Consider these historic Presidential quotes on immigration, economics, and liberty:
“It is now true that this is God’s Country, if equal rights—a fair start and an equal chance in the race of life are everywhere secured to all.” -Rutherford B. Hayes
“If we cannot end now our differences, at least we can help make the world safe for diversity.” -John F. Kennedy
“Wealth can only be accumulated by the earnings of industry and the savings of frugality.” John Tyler
“Whoever controls the volume of money in any country is absolute master of all industry and commerce.” – James A. Garfield
“Government is not reason; it is not eloquence; it is force! Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master.” G Washington
“That government is best which governs the least, because its people discipline themselves.” -Thomas Jefferson
as compared to these gems from the 2016 Presiential race:
“They’re sending people that have lots of problems, and they’re bringing those problems with us,” Trump said of immigrants coming from Mexico. “They’re bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists. And some, I assume, are good people.” -Donald Trump
“If people are bringing — pregnant women are coming in to have babies simply because they can do it, then there ought to be greater enforcement[…] so that you don’t have these, you know, ‘anchor babies,’ as they’re described, coming into the country.” -Jeb Bush
“Don’t let anybody tell you that it’s corporations and businesses that create jobs.” -Hillary Clinton
“Many of you are well enough off that the tax cuts may have helped you. We’re saying that for America to get back on track, we’re probably going to cut that short and not give it to you. We’re going to take things away from you on behalf of the common good.” – Hillary Clinton
So what is happening to American politics? Brain Drain.
As the ideological gap between the Democratic and Republican parties widens, it is swallowing up anyone in the middle who has a reasonably balanced political philosophy and social outlook. Both parties have pursued increasingly extreme methods seeking very different ends, and have alienated many people who have trouble accepting their overzealous policy packages.
The Pew Research Center has an amazing body of work on political affiliation in the U.S. spanning 70 years based on historical data and their own polling, and a review of their data reveals some fascinating trends:
First, the partisan divide is the widest it’s ever been. To quote the Pew study “Independents Take Center Stage in Obama Era”: “Across 48 value questions asked consistently over the past 22 years, the average difference between the opinions of Democrats and Republicans has grown from nine percentage points as recently as 1997 to a new high of 16 points today.” Democrats have a higher opinion of government intervention/effectiveness than ever, while the Republicans’ views are more negative. The Democrats are losing support from those who are wary of government intervention in the economy and Republicans are losing anyone who has a liberal social policy. Put another way, most Independents are socially liberal and non-militaristic but resent the overreach of recent Dem administrations vís-a-vís militarism and personal liberty/privacy, and as classical-liberal-style Republicans defect to the Independent group or social issues they bring more conservative economic views.
Second, the Independent/non-affiliated cohort has exploded in the last ten years. Since 2004 the number of people reporting as Independent grew from 30% to 39%. In the same period, the percentage of Republican respondents dropped from 30% down to 23%. Democratic numbers have been more steady at 32-33% with a spike in 2008 of a few percent. But the very next year something very interesting happened…
Thirdly, as of 2009, there are more Independents in the U.S. than Democrats or Republicans. That’s right- whether you knew it or not, for seven years we have been a country with an Independent majority. In 2009, 34% of respondents identified Democrat, 24% identified Republican, but 35% reported being Independent. This isn’t the first time in recent history this has happened (in 1992 there were more Independents but the Dems matched them the very next year), but it is the first time that the trend has continued unabated for several election cycles- As of 2014 data, 39% of respondents are Independent with just 32% Democrats and 23% Republicans. This could be the single greatest indicator of American political disaffection today: a majority of citizens have essentially voted “no confidence” in either major political party- and many have stopped voting period as a consequence. But the tide is still turning.
Finally, Democrats still maintain an opinion advantage. Despite the growing number of Independent-minded citizens, most Independents still report that they “lean” toward the Democratic platform than versus the Republican (48% versus 39%, a lead they’ve held since 2002). It seems there are still more liberally-minded Independents out there than conservatives, even if they can’t bring themselves to officially identify with the Dems in their current incarnation.
For all the data, see this interactive chart and this article at the Pew Research Center.
Did anyone see this coming?
In retrospect it’s easy to see trend of the growing Independent class in the United States, but it’s much harder to spot year-to-year when you’re standing too close to it. Still, some previous Presidents have warned us of the dangers of political power and office-seeking, as far back as Washington himself:
“Few men have virtue to withstand the highest bidder.” -George Washington
“Nothing brings out the lower traits of human nature like office seeking.” -Rutherford B. Hayes
“I believe there are more instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations.” -James Madison
“If the rabble were lopped off at one end and the aristocrat at the other, all would be well with the country.” -Lyndon B. Johnson
This last quote from Johnson is particularly prophetic. He might have intended the statement as a prescription for equality or centrism, but it turns out to have been a grim prediction: The entire American political discourse has turned into the rabble versus the aristocrat, as embodied by the Democratic and Republican parties, respectively. How did this happen? It’s called “identity politics”: arguments based on the perspective and desires of the groups people identify themselves with. It’s been used to divide and conquer the American populace throughout the 70-year period covered by the Pew study, pitting minority special-interest groups against each other for control of public policy which will affect an entire nation once made into law. The effects of identity politics warrant discussion in a dedicated article, but for now it is amusing to note how well the problem of the growing partisan divide was captured by two very different Presidents, despite both holding office while the process proceeded unmitigated:
“We need a spirit of community, a sense that we are all in this together. If we have no sense of community, the American dream will wither.” -William J. Clinton
“Always give your best, never get discouraged, never be petty; always remember, others may hate you. Those who hate you don’t win unless you hate them. And then you destroy yourself.” -Richard M. Nixon
So much for those ideas. It seems most people these days agree with William H. Taft:
“Politics, when I am in it, makes me sick.” – William H. Taft
What does this mean for the future of the U.S.?
It’s impossible, of course, to predict the future- but one can identify current trends and make inferences. One insight comes from Andrew Jackson:
“Internal improvement and the diffusion of knowledge, so far as they can be promoted by the constitutional acts of the Federal Government, are of high importance.” -Andrew Jackson
This may be the key: “diffusion of knowledge”; but it hasn’t been due to acts of government. It’s come from technological innovation and those who employed it to defy a government increasingly tightening its grasp on power as it feels its support slipping away. It seems that the ready availability of information ushered in by the IT age has done much to pull back the curtain on the real behind-the-scenes dealings of governments, banks, businesses, and institutions- and the ugly truth of partisan politics is now too much to ignore. The people are recoiling away from what they can all increasingly agree is a broken system, but have yet to identify a common way forward toward fixing or replacing it.
So the U.S. partisan discussion today is, at best, akin to a gymnast who has stumbled but hasn’t yet recovered her footing, or at worst, a comet hurtling toward the sun, casting off all but the most stubborn of material before meeting its final demise. But that doesn’t mean we should fear. The first step toward restoring sanity in this world is accurately identifying, bringing to light, and discussing even the most heinous of problems with the status-quo.
Perhaps this will mean the rise of a viable third party within the next handful of elections. Maybe this growing mass of Independents will eschew identity politics en masse and become the new center for political discourse; and the two parties will simply see participation dwindle to zero. Perhaps, ultimately, information technology will make it possible to entirely replace party politics with a tech-enabled version of a more direct democracy, bulletproof government accountability, or competing decentralized systems of law and commerce.
For now, one thing is clear: the American people have seen more and more of the partisan circus, and the more they see the less they like. But there is a light on the horizon as technology empowers the populace. Let us turn to the wisdom of the very first President:
“Liberty, when it begins to take root, is a plant of rapid growth.” -George Washington
Tatiana Proskouriakoff’s story took her from imperial Siberia all the way to the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala, and into the anthropological history books. Her insights would make great advances in our understanding of Mayan history and culture. This is her story in a (very small) nutshell.
A Twist of Fate
Proskouriakoff was born in 1909 in czarist Siberia, daughter of a chemist and a physician. At the onset of World War I, the family was moved to the U.S. so that her father (the chemist) could oversee munitions production for the army- but when the Czar was overthrown in the Russian Revolution in 1917, the family was forced to stay and settled in Pennsylvania.
Turning Back Time
Proskouriakoff grew up to study architecture at the University of Pennsylvania at the undergraduate, then graduate, level. This is where she began making her first contributions to the historical record. During her graduate studies, she was invited to join archaeologists on an investigation of the Piedras negras site in Mexico. On this, and eventually subsequent trips to this and other sites, she used her knowledge of architecture and her keen intuition to draw impressively accurate visual reproductions of the Mayan structures in their original state. These drawings reveal the ancient cities in all their precision and magnificence- and are still considered by many to be the best ever made.
But that’s only half the reason Proskouriakoff is included in this article. In the 1940s she would proceed to revolutionize the world’s understanding of Mayan writing as well. Mayan buildings, like Egyptian pyramids and other ancient sites, were not just buildings- they were living libraries covered in glyphs and images with rich and timeless stories to tell. These heiroglyphs must have been too intriguing for Tatiana’s curious mind to resist.
At the time, there were two competing theories of Mayan writing: One school thought that the language was alphabetic (each glyph stands for a letter of a Mayan alphabet just like English). The other camp proposed a syllabic language (one in which each glyph represents a certain sound or pair of letters). As for the subject matter of the inscriptions, however, both sides seem to have agreed that most Mayan writings were about astrology or metaphysics- essentially religious or shamanic in nature.
A Legacy in Stone
Proskouriakoff was to set the record straight on both topics. While inspecting Mayan glyphs, she realized that the patterns and spacing of symbols could relate not to astrological cycles or mythological events, but to the lifetime of a human being. She did so by building on the syllabic theory of Mayan text (thereby validating it). Every so often there was a certain symbol that she came to understand meant “birth” or “was born”. Similarly, there were symbols for “acceded the throne” and “death”. There were also symbols that varied from one phrase to the next. Proskouriakoff figured these must be names… Breakthrough! These symbols showed a pattern that seemed to relate the lifetimes of seven Mayan rulers who held the throne, one after the other, for about two hundred years. The Mayans were not relating mythic stories or high-minded astrological theories, they were recording their own history for us all to see, if we could just learn to read it! With the proper context, Mayanists around the world could go on to decipher many more texts containing these and other glyphs.
Proskouriakoff lived to age 76 and is , quite poetically, buried at the top of the Acropolis at Piedras Negras (where there is a plaque honoring her life and work).
So, for her contribution to Mayan studies and the great human history project, in both the realm of architecture and the realm of linguistics, on this International Women’s Day Recreational Thinker recognizes Tatiana Proskouriakoff.
Watch Jon Ronson give a tremendously important and very well-delivered talk on public shaming via social media and its very real dangers.
Ronson covers the surreal story of Justine Sacco and her demise at the hands of the bloodthirsty Twitter “social justice” mob, and presents us a critical lesson on the power of social media for good- or ill. And with great power…
Here is an excellent article on Greek Stoicism with nine points to remember as you go about your life which should help you be more productive, creative, and fulfilled. The core idea is one of embracing your challenges as opportunities for growth (some might say the only opportunities for true growth).
One thing that is remarkable is the similarity of Stoic teachings to those of Buddhism. They both place great importance on the idea of being mindful of your thoughts and realizing that they originate from within you, not the circumstances around you, and you are always in control of how you react/relate to these circumstances. Just recognizing unproductive or emotionally-controlled states of mind is a huge first step.
Do you observe any of the practices in the article? How have they helped in your life?
Millenials are stockpiling cash in fear of the next (inevitable) bust cycle, and banks are urging them to just trust the system and invest it. The Resident discusses in this sort video.
Third option, Millennials: Metals and cryptocurrency. Let the zombie banks rot.